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Kunming builds ecological security barriers in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River-ecological priority, green development

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classification:
Media Focus
source:
Yunnan Daily
release time:
2020-01-06

In the spring city in winter, the seagulls flutter and draw a beautiful arc in the sky; the wetland scenery is intoxicating, and the water is reflected in colorful. By the Dianchi Lake and by the river, the environment is beautiful and the scenery is pleasant.

In Dounan Wetland Park, citizen Yang Wenjun was taking pictures of friends from Chengdu. Yang Wenjun kept pressing down the shutters to record the good times by the quiet water and under the flourishing trees.

Located in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, Kunming is not only an important conservation area and ecological barrier for the water resources of the Yangtze River, but also the intersection of the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the “Belt and Road” construction. The city has firmly established and practiced the concept of "green mountains and green mountains are the golden mountains and the silver mountains." It is unswerving to take the road of ecological priority and green development, resolutely win the battle against pollution prevention, comprehensively accelerate the transformation of development methods, and strive to be a pioneer in the construction of ecological civilization The city contributes Kunming's strength to the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

As an important part of the ecological security pattern in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, the governance of Dianchi Lake has been receiving much attention. The Kunming Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government regard the protection and management of Dianchi Lake as the primary task and the "first-in-class" project, as the focus and breakthrough point of the construction of ecological civilization, and systematically govern the water environment of the Dianchi Lake basin.

In April 2017, Kunming took the lead in promulgating the "Opinions on Comprehensively Deepening the River Length System Work" in the province to achieve full coverage of rivers (canals), lakes and reservoirs in the city, and form cities, counties, townships, villages, and villages in the system. The group “four-level river long and five-level governance”; innovatively explored the establishment of a regional water environment compensation mechanism, carried out ecological compensation work in 34 rivers in the Dianchi Lake Basin, and first introduced the river ecological compensation mechanism in the province. Guided by goals and problems, measures such as controlling urban non-point sources and confluent sewage during the rainy season, treating main river channels and tributaries and ditches entering the lake, improving pollution interception and pollution control systems, optimizing the healthy water cycle of the river basin, and improving the wetland ecological environment, etc. are implemented to implement water quality goals, pollution Reduction of the dual assessment of targets, clearer governance ideas, more precise work measures, more sound institutional systems, and fuller social mobilization.

In 2016, the water quality of Dianchi Lake rose from inferior to Ⅴ for the first time; in 2018, it rose to Ⅳ, the best water quality in 30 years since the establishment of the Dianchi Water Quality Data Monitoring Database in 1988; from January to November 2019, The lake's water quality remained Class IV, and the water quality changed from severe pollution to light pollution. The deterioration of Dianchi Lake water quality has been curbed, and the comprehensive nutritional state index has gradually decreased. The shores of Dianchi Lake have reappeared the beauty of the breeze and the weeping willows, and the "Pearl of the Plateau" is gradually recovering its glory.

Fighting against pollution is the core of Kunming's contribution to the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

A touch of pure and clear Kunming blue, envying the guests from all over the world, makes people living in Spring City proud. In recent years, Kunming has made great efforts to create a world-famous spring city with a permanent blue sky, long clear waters, green Kunming, and a city full of flowers, and strives to become a pioneer city for ecological civilization and a model city for "beautiful China". In order to protect the "Kunming Blue", Kunming fully implements the national "Ten Gas" requirements, and actively carries out special actions for the prevention and control of atmospheric pollution, making full use of advanced technologies such as satellite remote sensing monitoring, lidar scanning, and drone aerial photography to accurately target key polluted areas and Pollution sources shall be targeted for pollution prevention and control. Kunming and Qujing, Yuxi and Chuxiong environmental protection departments also signed a framework agreement on joint prevention and control of air pollution, establishing a joint work mechanism on joint prevention and control of air pollution in central Yunnan urban agglomerations.

Vegetation is being restored in the phosphate mining area. "In order to reduce dust, we have configured 10.1 kilometers of automatic sprinkler pipelines to spray water and reduce dust, and we have adopted covering and greening measures in some areas." Yunnan Phosphate Group Co., Ltd. Jianshan Phosphate Mining Branch, the relevant person in charge said, as of now, the company Accumulatively invested more than 300 million yuan to improve the ecological environment of the mining area. In 2019, Kunming's air quality rate is 98%, and the annual concentration of air quality pollutants has reached the national secondary standard requirements. The comprehensive air pollution index decreased by 6.5% year-on-year in 2018, and the days and rate of excellent air quality continued to remain high.

Accelerating the transformation of development mode is an inevitable requirement for Kunming to adhere to the road of ecological priority and green development.

Adhere to the protection and development, ecological and production coordination, and constantly improve the "green content" of economic development. From January to September 2019, Kunming City accelerated the elimination of backward production capacity. The total energy consumption of industrial enterprises above designated size decreased by 4.2% year-on-year, and the energy consumption per 10,000 yuan of industrial added value decreased by 9.2%. The construction of green manufacturing system continues to advance, and Anning and Dongchuan districts are listed in the list of national industrial resource comprehensive utilization bases (second batch) ... Next, the city will also strictly adhere to the three red lines of cultivated land, ecology, and urban development boundaries to optimize and adjust industry Space layout.

At the same time, Kunming will strengthen the collaborative governance of the environment with other areas of the Yangtze River Basin, focusing on building a comprehensive transportation network along the river, coordinating the infrastructure construction of railways, highways, aviation, energy, water conservancy, and the Internet, and promoting the integration and development of new urbanization. Other brother cities in the Yangtze River Basin have jointly explored the establishment of a unified, standardized, efficient and efficient market system, strengthened exchanges and cooperation, and promoted mutual development and common development.

Let Yijiang clear water flow out of Kunming. On December 24, 2019, the Kunming Municipal Government issued the Work Plan for Ecological Environment Protection and Green Development of the Yangtze River Basin (Kunming Section) (2019-2025), which clearly stated that Kunming As a guide, we will implement ecological environment pollution control and Yangtze River ecological environmental protection restoration projects to comprehensively promote green development. By the end of this year, the proportion of surface water bodies in the Yangtze River Basin (Kunming section) with excellent water (at or above Class III) has reached 31.8%, and the proportion of inferior Class V water sections has fallen to within 4.5%. The surface water body in Dianchi Lake Basin (above or better than Class III) accounted for more than 14.3%, the surface water body in Xiaojiang River Basin (become or better than Class III) accounted for more than 50%, and the Jinsha River exit section "Menggu" water quality reached Class II.