"The Lijiang City and Ninglang County Governments should negotiate with the Liangshan Prefecture and Yanyuan County Government of Sichuan Province to establish a Lugu Lake protection coordination mechanism, build a Lugu Lake joint protection and governance work structure, and maintain the Lugu Lake ecological environment." January 1, 2020, The "Regulations on the Protection of Lugu Lake in Lijiang City" were formally implemented. This regulation is the first time that our province has implemented regional coordinated legislation to solve the governance difficulties brought by "one lake and two provinces" and "one lake and two standards". After repeated consultations between the two provinces, the two places will protect Lugu Lake in accordance with Class I water standards, achieving "one lake, one regulation" and "one lake, one standard", and working together to protect Lugu Lake.
Nine lakes are clear, Yunnan is prosperous. At the end of 2019, a new round of revision and improvement of the province's nine plateau lake protection regulations was completed, and the strictest system and strictest rule of law were used to adhere to the red line for ecological protection of lakes.
For many years, Yunnan has made full use of the leading role of local legislation to strengthen ecological environmental protection, and has continuously improved local legislation on the protection of important water resources represented by the nine plateau lakes. From the approval of the Dianchi Lake Protection Management Regulations by the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress in 1988 to the establishment of the Yangzonghai Protection Regulations in 1997, our province realized the "one lake and one case" many years ago, and carried out with local economic and social development and governance and protection needs. Revised many times.
In 2018, the Central Environmental Protection Inspector “looked back” to conduct special inspections on the environmental protection and governance of the nine plateau lakes in Yunnan, which not only confirmed the progress of the provincial governance work, but also pointed out the existing problems. Among them, it is specifically pointed out that the current regulations on the protection of the nine plateau lakes are not sufficiently rigorous, and even opened up for illegal development and construction. The principle of protection priority is difficult to implement and needs to be revised in a timely manner. Taking the opportunity to implement the rectification requirements, the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress adjusted the relevant legislative work plan in a timely manner, and a new round of "law amendments" for the nine major plateau lake protection regulations in the province was launched.
Newly constructed, rebuilt, and expanded buildings and structures are prohibited in the Dianchi Lake first-level protected area; Erhai Lake, Xingyun Lake, and Qilu Lake are classified into protected areas, and the protection management regulations at all levels are detailed; Yilong Lake and Lugu Lake protection management The main body of responsibility has been raised from the county level to the state (city) level; while maintaining the natural alkaline characteristics of Chenghai Seawater, effective measures must be taken to scientifically manage and replenish water resources, and its water quality should meet the state's Class III The above standards; the water quality of Fuxian Lake is protected in accordance with the Class I water standard stipulated by the State's "Surface Water Environmental Quality Standards", and illegal acts such as sewage discharge will be heavily punished. After amendment and improvement, the regulations on the protection of the nine plateau lakes further reflect the legislative principle of "protection priority", the management institutions and responsibilities are more clear, and the protection measures and supervision and management are more stringent.
"Eco-environmental protection and governance is a systematic project, and local legislation must play a leading role in escort." The head of the Provincial People's Congress Environmental and Resources Commission introduced that since the establishment of the Standing Committee of the 13th Provincial People's Congress, it has focused on strengthening the legislation around the "three orientations." At present, in the province's current effective local regulations, the proportion of ecological and environmental protection accounts for more than one-third, which provides a strong legal guarantee for the promotion of ecological environmental protection and ecological civilization in Yunnan.